Jehoiachin, Zerubabel & Yeshua (Jesus)
This discussion has not yet been rewritten or presented in the updated multi-part format. That will occur as God wills to provide me the time and energy to do so.
I often receive comments from comies (“counter missionaries” or “anti-missionaries”) or from people who have been in contact with comies in which the issue of Yeshua’s genealogy is raised. Here is a typical example of numerous such communications:
“I wrote you earlier and have been studying with my sister and mother in depth. It still seems right to me, but I have come across one stumbling block. I was on a Jewish website and they stated a reason that the Messiah could NOT be from the line of Joseph. Because he had an ancestor named Coniah that was cursed by Yah and so no king was ever to come through him. Do you know about this? Have you any rebuttals? I hate coming across problems like this.”
The thoughtful concern expressed by the reader is legitimate and a sincere response is necessary. Often, such questions indicate a deeply devoted and sincere effort to find truth, and I appreciate such a mind set. However, it is also sometimes sadly used by comies as part of a devilish attempt to use a red herring (something intended to divert attention) to confuse the issue of Yeshua’s legitimate role as the chosen One of YHVH.
Fortunately (or unfortunately if you are a comie) focus upon this issue by comies is shown to be little more than a blatant act of desperation and deceit. I will show that even if Yeshua is a descendant of Jehoiachin (also known as Jeconiah or Coniah), it does not disqualify him from being Messiah. Of course, as is usually the case, comies will likely reject the response as they persevere in their slanderous and wicked attacks upon Yeshua, our glorious Messiah and personal agent of the One and Only YHVH Elohim (God).
There are at least 2 legitimate responses to the question:
- First, many monotheistic Messianics do not accept the virgin birth story and feel it was “edited” into the texts of Matthew’s and Luke’s gospels by biased Christian scribes who were apostles of the ancient mystery sungod religions. One reason for rejection of the virgin birth accounts is the irreconcilable discrepancies between the genealogies found in the gospels of Matthew and Luke. Though notable effort is put forth to cover up these discrepancies, they both clearly present Joseph’s ancestry and, therefore, cannot both be correct. For those who question or reject the “virgin” birth, the question of whether or not Yeshua is the “son of David” is answered elsewhere in the New Testament. Therefore, the genealogies of Matthew and Luke, which generates the controversy regarding Coniah, does not factor into their recognition of Yeshua as Messiah. I will not elaborate on the virgin birth question since I have done so at length in an article in which the alleged “virgin birth” is discussed. However, it is not necessary to accept this response or to reject the virgin birth since the next response provides solid rebuke of the Yeshua haters who tirelessly pursue their comie plans.
- Secondly and most importantly, regardless of a person’s opinion of the virgin birth, the Scripture still proves the issue to be a non issue since the curse against Coniah is clearly shown to have been lifted, which therefore shows that Messiah CAN be a descendant of Coniah. The article you are reading will focus upon this particular response.
The most concise discussion I have yet found in which this issue is addressed occurs in chapter 11 of the outstanding little book, What the Rabbis Know About The Messiah, by Rachmiel Frydland. The chapter in which this is discussed is rather short, I will therefore present almost the entire chapter. I highly advise you to obtain a copy of this book, since it is filled with material to counter many of the deceitful arguments of comies.
Now to the book:
Messiah To Descend From Jehoiachin and Zerubabel
Jehoiachin is the grandfather of Zerubabel who was a descendant within the Messianic lineage through Solomon. Both Jehoiachin and Zerubabel are listed within Yeshua’s ancestry in the Brit Hadasha (New Covenant) in the book of Mattiteyahu (Matthew 1:12). Zerubabel also appears in the genealogy of Yeshua written by the physician Luke (Luke 3:27).
Mattiteyahu’s genealogy traces Yeshua through his adoptive father, Joseph; Luke’s genealogy traces Yeshua’s ancestry through his mother Miriam’s side. [Note from Torah of Messiah: I differ with the author’s last statement in which he calls Joseph his “adopted” father since I feel Yeshua, as “Messiah ben Yosef”, not only fulfills the characteristics of the first of two Messiahs (Messiah ben Yosef), but was literally, as Joseph’s (Yosef’s) son, “Messiah ben Yosef. However, his error does not impact this discussion.]
There is a problem which does occur in the lineage as regarding Jehoiachin, who is also known as Jeconiah (or Coniah). The prophet Jeremiah records a denunciation of him:
Thus sayeth the Lord. Write this man childless, a man that shall not prosper in his days; for no man of his seed shall prosper, sitting upon the throne of David, and ruling any more in Judah (Jer. 22:30).
The Scripture appears to pronounce a threefold “curse” upon Jehoiachin:
- He would be childless,
- He would not prosper,
- His offspring would not prosper on the throne of David.
In light of this “curse” there appears to be a great obstacle regarding the Messianic line, and especially Jehoiachin’s inclusion within it. There is widespread opinion that the denunciation of Jehoiachin through God’s prophet was irrevocable. This would effectively preclude him from being within the messianic lineage. Before jumping hastily to this opinion, it is well to examine some arguments against this view.
The first “curse,” that Jehoiachin would remain childless, was definitely lifted. The Tenach (Old Testament) makes it clear that Jehoiachin was, in fact, prolific and sired Shealtiel, Malchiram, Pedaiah, Shenazar, Jekamiah, Hoshana, and Nedabiah, and Asir (I Chron. 3:17-18).
Jehoiachin was king of Judah when the children of Israel were taken captive into Babylon, and was imprisoned there. The second “curse,” that Jehoiachin would be ‘a man that shall not prosper in his days,’ was also ameliorated (improved) by God, for we read:
And it came to pass in the … year of captivity … [the] king of Babylon … did liberate Jehoiachin … from prison; And he … set his throne above the throne of the kings that were with him in Babylon… . (II Kings 25:27-28)
Thereby, if God could forgive Jehoiachin, to the extent of lifting the first two “curses” against him, it is plausible that the third one could be lifted as well; otherwise, Messiah could not descend from Solomon through Jehoiachin. The Yalkut explains that this problem was resolved in the following manner:
Nebuchadnezzar took [Jehoiachin] and put him in prison. … The Jewish religions Council gathered to consider the matter for they feared that the Davidic kingdom would come to an end, of which it is written, ‘His throne shall endure before me as long as the sun’ (Psalm 82:36). What can we do in order to help that the Scriptures might be fulfilled? We will go and plead with the governess, and the governess will plead with the queen and the queen with the king. … Rabbi Shabatal said that [Jehoiachin] did not leave prison until he repented fully and God forgave his sins and … his wife got pregnant as it is written, ‘Shealtiel his son, Asir his son.’
Shealtiel means, “I asked of God.” Asir means “prisoner.” Hence, the rabbis understand that Jehoiachin asked God to forgive him while in prison and that God indicated his forgiveness by giving him sons.
The returning exiles from Babylon in 539 B.C.E. appointed Zerubabel to be their prince. They obviously did not think that the “curse” was still in effect since Zerubabel was a direct descendant of Jehoiachin. Moreover, the post-exilic prophets exalt Zerubabel and place their hopes for Israel in him. Hence, for example, the prophet Zechariah exclaims:
Who are thou, O great mountain? Before Zerubabel thou shalt become a plain; and he shall bring forth the headstone of it with shoutings… . The hands of Zerubbabel have laid the foundation of this house; his hands shall also finish it… . For they shall rejoice and see the plummet in the hand of Zerubbabel… . (Zechariah 4:7, 9-10)
… End of quote from book …
So there you have it. Irrefutable proof that the “curses” so often put forth by comies to allegedly “prove” Yeshua is not the Messiah are deceitful and often based in demonic hatred of Messiah Yeshua.
I seriously doubt the enemies of Yeshua will admit their error. Their psychotic hatred of Yeshua and the torah intent he and his Holy Spirit inspired followers and New Testament authors revealed may be too deep within their soul to be reachable by truth. So be it. I’ll leave the judgment due them for their hatred of Messiah and distortion of the TRUE “torah” in the hands of the One who anointed Yeshua. I most certainly would not want to be standing in their shoes on the day that judgment is pronounced.
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